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Tobacco was a big part of how the Philippines grew and changed, particularly in Ilocos, in where it remains one of the main ways Filipinos make money. The Philippines has grown into a major player in the global tobacco business globally because it grows three kinds of popular tobacco: Virginia, Burley, and Native.
The cultivation of tobacco is an important business in the Philippines. It gives huge numbers of farmers a way to make a living and makes a big difference to the economy of the country. The Philippines is a great place to grow tobacco because of its temperature and soil. Tobacco has been grown in the Philippines for hundreds of years.
History of the Philippines’ tobacco industry
In 1592, the Spanish galleon San Clemente brought 50 kilos of Cuban tobacco seeds to Manila. This was part of the Manila-Acapulco trade line. This was the first time that tobacco was brought to the Philippines. It is said that Catholic Friars planted the first seeds in Cagayan Valley. With a climate like the Vuelta Abajo area in Pinar del Rio, Cuba, the crop started to grow, and Spain got a new way to make money. In the parts of the Philippines where tobacco is grown, it still rules the social, political, and economic life.
The Philippines grows many different kinds of tobacco.
In the Philippines, three kinds of tobacco are grown locally: Virginia, Burley, and Native. Virginia tobacco is mostly grown in Region 1 (Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, and La Union) and CAR (Abra); Burley tobacco is grown in Region 1 (La Union and Pangasinan) and CAR (Abra), Region 2 (Isabela and Cagayan), Region 3 (Tarlac), and Mimaropa; and Native tobacco is grown in Region 1, Region 2 (Cagayan, Isabela, Quirino, and Nueva Vi
What kind of weather and soil are needed to grow tobacco in the Philippines?
Tobacco can grow in many different areas, but it needs 90 to 120 days without frost from the time it is planted until the last leaves are picked. Between 20°C and 30°C is the best mean daily temperature for growth. For the leaves to ripen and be ready to pick, there must be a dry time. When it rains too much, the leaves get thin and light. For flue-cured, light tobacco, the land must be light and sandy. Air-cured, dark tobacco is produced on silty loam to clay loam soil, while both fire-cured and air-cured tobacco are grown on heavy soils.
How to get the soil ready and plant tobacco seeds
To grow tobacco seeds, the first step is to get the land ready. The earth should be ploughed and harrowed to a depth of 15 to 20 cm. The pH of the dirt should be between 5.5 and 6.5, and it should drain well. Once the dirt is ready, the tobacco seeds can be planted in beds or trays. Spread the seeds out and cover them with a thin layer of soil. Until the seeds sprout, the seedbeds or boxes should be kept moist and warm.
How to take care of and keep up with tobacco plants
After the tobacco seeds sprout, the young plants should be moved to the yard. In groups that are 1-1.2 m apart, the young plants should be spread 50–60 cm apart. The crops should be fed with adequate fertilizer and watered regularly. Pests and diseases should also be of concern as this can wreck the entire tobacco crop and it can easily spread to other plants.
Tobacco leaves are picked and dried.
When the leaves turn yellow-green and the ones at the bottom start to wilt, they are ready to be picked. The leaves ought to be picked by hand and dried in a barn with good airflow. Slowly drying the leaves throughout a period of 4 to 6 weeks is best. During the drying process, the leaves should be carefully watched to make sure they don’t get too dry or too wet.
How Tobacco Leaves Are Processed and Packed
When the leaves are ready, they can be handled and put into packages. Size and quality should be used to sort the leaves. Some of the things that can be made from the leaves are cigarettes and cigars for smoking and tobacco for chewing. To keep the freshness of processed tobacco goods, they should be put in containers that can’t let air in.
How Tobacco Leaves Are Marketed and Sold
Tobacco companies or neighborhood markets can buy tobacco leaves. The cost of tobacco leaves depends on how good they are and how much people want them. Farmers should know the market trends and costs so that they can make sure that they obtain an appropriate cost for their goods.
How hard it is to grow tobacco in the Philippines and what opportunities are available:
There are a lot of problems with tobacco farming in the Philippines, like competition from other crops, bugs and diseases, and shifts in market trends. However, farmers may additionally boost their crop yields and revenue by using new tools and methods.
In the end,
Farmers in the Philippines who are ready to put in the time and work needed to grow tobacco can make money from it. Farmers can grow superior tobacco which satisfies the needs of the market by adhering to the steps in this plan. But it’s essential to farmers to know what the industry’s challenges and possibilities are and to change with the market. Tobacco Producers in the Philippines can get a steady income from tobacco farming if they know how and have the right skills.
The Philippine Statistics Authority says that most of the country’s tobacco originates from the Ilocos Region, which makes up 89.3% of the country’s total tobacco production. The area made 9.26 thousand metric tons of tobacco in the first quarter of 2021.